Rwanda Interim Demographic and Health Survey 2007-08

Year published: 14/04/2009

The Government of Rwanda has just completed the 2007-2008 Rwanda Interim Demographic and

Health Survey (RIDHS) to obtain a database designed to provide reliable indicators to monitor and assess

the implementation of the country’s sector programs and policies, the Poverty Reduction Strategy, Vision

2020 and the commitments it has undertaken at the international level, in particular the Millennium

Development Goals.

RIDHS follows the Demographic and Health Surveys (RDHS) that were successfully conducted

in 1992, 2000, and 2005, and is part of a broad, worldwide program of socio-demographic and health

surveys conducted in developing countries since the mid-1980s. RIDHS collected the indicators on

fertility, family planning and maternal and child health which the survey normally provides. In addition,

RIDHS integrated a malaria module and tests for the prevalence of malaria and anemia among women

and children, thus determining the prevalence of malaria and anemia for women and children at the

national level.

Using this report, the reader will be able to delineate better the improvements in sociodemographic

status that the Government of Rwanda has achieved including a decrease in infant mortality

rate compared to that of 2005, an increase in prenatal care visits and utilization of delivery and post natal

services, an increase in utilization of modern contraceptives and immunization coverage for children 12-

23 months. Although improvement has occurred, readers should also be alerted to the fact that the total

fertility rate remains high, continuing to be a burden on social welfare and slowing down the progress of

development. A majority of indicators have improved due to government investments as well as financial

and technical support from partners.

The results of RIDHS 2007-2008 are thus of considerable importance because they allow

assessment of progress made in meeting the challenges mentioned above. These results also make it

possible to readjust intermediate objectives, identify areas requiring priority attention, and even make

projections for future socio-demographic development. These same results also represent a daunting

challenge to entities providing development funding and call for integrated financing approaches

involving multiple sectors of socio-economic life.