Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis and Nutrition Survey July 2009

Year published: 17/11/2009

The National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda has just completed the 2009 Comprehensive Food

Security and Vulnerability Analysis & Nutrition Survey (CFSVA & NS) together with its partners.

This baseline survey is a joint initiative and has been undertaken with the objective of analyzing

trends over time in comparison with other more recent secondary data, measuring the extent and

depth of food and nutrition insecurity and vulnerability, and identifying the underlying causes.

It is the second time that this type of survey has been conducted in Rwanda, the previous one

taking place in 2006 also under the overall lead of National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda. The

2009 CFSVA & NS has collected indicators on human and social capital, natural capital, physical

capital, economic capital and livelihood strategies, food consumption , and health and nutrition,

not included in the 2006 study. In addition, the CFSVA & NS has integrated a risk and vulnerability

context module thus determining the most commonly experienced shocks by the sampled

households at the district level.

Understanding food and nutrition security and vulnerability has always been challenging. Yet the

emergence of relatively new phenomena such as recent high food and fuel prices, the global

financial crisis, and climate change, all highlight the need to better understand the lives and

livelihoods of vulnerable population so that effective policies and actions can be implemented to

save lives and address the root causes of food and nutrition insecurity.

This report, built on this experience, will guide readers, planners and decision makers to get snapshot

answers to the five key questions of who are the people currently facing food insecurity and

malnutrition; how many are they; where do they live; why are they food insecure and/or

malnourished and; how can food assistance and other interventions make a difference in reducing

poverty, hunger and supporting livelihoods.

The CFSVA & NS was possible due to the generous support of the Ministry of Agriculture and

Animal Resources, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning and the

Ministry of Local Government and Administration for their inputs during the preparation of the data

collection tools and the participation in the field work.